Analysis Of Common Electrical System Faults Of Machine Tools

Analysis of Common Electrical System Faults of Machine Tools
Automatic Machine Tools due to the integration of mechanical, electrical control, photoelectric, pneumatic control and other types of control system, so its control and maintenance of the relative complexity, whether that system failure will affect the normal work of Machine Tools, Machine Tools may There are many kinds of failures, this article from the electrical system analysis of common faults and treatment methods.
First, switches, buttons and other controls caused by the failure
Switches and buttons are the most common electrical components in Machine Tools. They are responsible for converting the operator's instructions into electrical signals to the control system. The start and stop of the device, the reset of the power supply, the adjustment of the operating parameters They can check the use of multimeter and other measuring instruments to determine, some Machine Tools, the controller using the film button for these buttons can also be measured with a multimeter, the film buttons are generally equipped with plugs, Need to measure the first pull out the plug, and then press the button can be measured, and this type of electrical failure is the most common, the user should have a certain electrical knowledge, encounter such problems can easily deal with, and in the use of equipment , Pay attention to press the button when not too hard, but can not use hard objects such as a screwdriver a class of tools, found that the button is loose or when the timely notice of maintenance personnel.
Second, the electrical damage caused by the implementation of parts failure
Commonly used electrical actuators in Machine Tools include controllers, frequency converters, spindle motors, stepper motors, electromagnetic brakes, solenoid valves, etc. These are also the core electrical components of Machine Tools that play an important role while these components The performance of the machine also determines the performance of the mechanical tool, the controller is the brain of the machine tool it is responsible for controlling the power, cable, etc., the current common machine tool controller has two types, one is provided by the integrated supplier of general control Device, the other is the manufacturers of their own research and development of the controller, the controller is generally a common fault is a strong control part and buttons, these users can not solve their own problems, the need to notify manufacturers to repair; inverter failure is more common , The user can pay attention to the use of the process to pay attention to whether the motor is abnormal, the temperature is normal to determine the use of equipment to eliminate overload; brake is vulnerable Pieces, after the use of Machine Tools for a period of time should be adjusted in time, if necessary, to replace
Third, the electrical control system caused by improper set of failures
Improper system settings are soft faults, Machine Tools have a complex control system and control procedures, set the same will cause the same failure, the user in the use of Machine Tools before the first to understand the instructions in the main points, And the cable line direction is wrong, the cable width exceeds the equipment schedule, the diameter and the mechanical tool speed does not match, the step displacement unit error and so on a series, many manufacturers currently provide the operation training, the use unit should send someone to study, avoid There is no change in the winding process after the Machine Tools such as the problem.
The electrical system of modern Machine Tools has complex control procedures and high-precision actuators. Many high-tech electrical components are constantly being used on Machine Tools to keep the performance of the equipment in order to accommodate the requirements of modern coil winding. So high-precision Machine Tools around the coil must be no problem, it is not true, there are many customers after buying a mechanical tool to find the winding surface is not smooth and there are pad and other phenomena, it is because the high-quality Coil not only requires high-precision Machine Tools, but also need to have a proper program settings and a reasonable set of accessories to adjust.
The first is the machine tool program settings, after the purchase of Machine Tools users should be familiar with the function of Machine Tools and performance characteristics of the device function set familiar with the beginning of a simple coil from the beginning, a step by step to master the equipment settings skills and applications , The average user in the purchase of Machine Tools manufacturers will provide technical training and on-site commissioning, the training opportunities for many users not enough attention, manufacturers of technical personnel on-site training than the user to understand the instructions to the more easy to understand, the operator should be more hands, More study to master the Machine Tools set. The rational setting of the machine tool program is an important part of winding the high quality coil.